Diagnosis of Deformities

Diagnosis begins with a physical examination to determine the site of the deformity. The examination involves assessing the movement of joints surrounding the bones at the site of the deformity.

Radiological evaluation of the deformity is then performed. While X-rays are typically adequate at this stage, three-dimensional assessments using computed tomography (CT) scans may be employed for complex deformities or surgical planning. Blood parameters related to bone development and metabolism, such as calcium and phosphorus, can also be analyzed.

Detailed blood tests are performed for suspected conditions. Depending on the severity of the problem, the patient is referred to the endocrinology department and sometimes to the genetics department. Working in collaboration with these departments, the patient’s condition is assessed based on factors such as congenital presence and hormonal deficiencies, which then guide the determination of the appropriate treatment.